Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.

During the reign of King Edward III of England, lovers Robert Machim and Anna d’Arfet were said to flee from England to France in 1346. They were driven off their course by a violent storm and their ship went aground along the coast of an island, that may have been Madeira. Later this legend was the basis of the naming of the city of Machico, in memory of the young lovers.